||Neonatal Drug Therapy Manual
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- To decrease airway resistance and improve ventilation in neonates with respiratory distress
Nebulization: dilute with 1 - 2 mL 0.9% NaCl (or may be mixed with salbutamol)
Oral inhalation: metered-dose inhaler - use with aerochamber
Nebulizer: 25 mcg/kg/dose tid (25 mcg = 0.1 mL of a 0.25 mg/mL solution)
Inhalation: 1 - 2 inhalations tid or qid (20 mcg/puff)
Poorly absorbed by the lungs, therefore systemic effects are rare
Dryness of the mouth/throat
Reconstitution and Stability:
-Taketomo CK, Hodding JH, Kraus DM. Pediatric Dosage Handbook 9th-11th Editions. Hudson: Lexi-Comp Inc.; 2002-2004.
-Young TE, Mangum B. Neofaxâ. 13th-16th Editions. Raleigh: Acorn Publishing; 2000-2003
-Zenck KE, Sills JH, Koeppel RM. Neonatal Medications & Nutrition, 3rd edition. Santa Rosa, California: NICU INK Book Publishers, USA, 2003.
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